Tuesday, August 30, 2011
Activity Centers and Corridors
Activity Centers are mixed-use areas developed in a more urban, compact, pedestrian-friendly manner. Most Activity Centers shown on the Legacy Update Growth Management Plan already exist as areas of activity that include commercial development. Some Activity Centers, such as the urban East Winston and West Salem Activity Centers, as well as the suburban Walkertown/US 158 Activity Center, are already mixed-use developments, but need to be retrofitted in terms of walkability, design, or connectivity. Retrofitting and redevelopment will be necessary to accommodate an urban form and to establish connections to surrounding neighborhoods.
Other Activity Centers, such as the urban Waughtown Street/High Point Road Activity Center and the suburban I-40/Union Cross Road Activity Center, need well-designed higher-density residential developed within or adjacent to them. As more people live in or near Activity Centers, more reduction can be realized in terms of both automobile trips and traffic congestion. Through the Area Plan program, appropriate sites have been designated for moderate or high density near Activity Centers. The Town Centers of Forsyth County’s smaller municipalities are also considered Activity Centers. It is important that a healthy mixture of uses continues to be focused in small towns, particularly in or near their Town Centers.
Good mixed-use design for Activity Center development (or redevelopment) ensures attractive, usable, durable and adaptable places. Mixed-use developments need to be compatible with adjacent land uses, provide a diversity of housing types, contribute to the character of the neighborhood and larger community, and create vibrant, pedestrian-oriented places.
Special attention needs to be given to producing an acceptable mix of land uses, designing parking areas for walkability, providing circulation patterns for vehicular, pedestrian and bicycle access, and providing public amenities including plazas and open space. Energy-efficient, sustainable development should be highly encouraged in Activity Centers.
One good local example of redevelopment of an older shopping areas to a more urban form is Thruway Shopping Center. New shops were added along Stratford Road in what was the parking lot. The new construction created a “courtyard effect” internally, and the new buildings give a more pleasing view from Stratford Road than the previous surface parking lot.
In addition to Activity Centers, the Growth Management Plan in Chapter 3 discusses the concept of Primary Corridors and Secondary Corridors. Primary Corridors link Downtown Winston-Salem with Activity Centers and are generally located along major arterial roads. Secondary Corridors are major roadways or portions of roadways which link Activity Centers in Suburban Neighborhoods and in some cases link smaller municipalities to one another.
The older automobile-oriented strip commercial areas found along main corridors such as Peters Creek Parkway, University Parkway, Liberty Street or Stratford Road have experienced decline as retail uses relocated to newer centers further out. However, these declining strips present an opportunity for increased residential density and mixed-use development. This increased density along Primary Corridors is critical in establishing a well-used public transit system and accommodating more residents, including seniors and those citizens needing affordable housing. Primary Corridors are intended to function as the main future multi-modal transportation arterials in Forsyth County, and most Activity Centers are located along these corridors.
Secondary Corridors will be identified in the Area Plan process. Select locations along these corridors could have higher-density housing and may become transit corridors.